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|Title: ||Indian machinery for mushroom cultivation|
|Authors: ||G, Senthil Kumaran|
R P, Tiwari
|Keywords: ||Mushroom cultivation|
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Citation: ||G.Senthil Kumaran , Meera Pandey and R.P. Tewari. 2009. Indian machinery for mushroom cultivation. InternationalAgricultural Engineering Conference, 7-10 December, AIT, Bangkok, Thailand|
|Abstract: ||The Indian mushroom industry has come a long way since 1950 when the first experiments were conducted on this novel protein source. The diverse agro climate, colossal amount of agricultural wastes, cheap labour and availability of suitable strains and cultivation technology have contributed to the growth and diversification of this industry. Today the Indian mushroom industry comprises of temperate species like button mushroom, sub tropical species like oyster and shiitake mushrooms and tropical species like paddy straw, milky and Reishi mushrooms. The present production of the country has touched 1,00,000 tons. However the production levels in India have not kept pace with the rising domestic and global market due to varied reasons. The two most important aspects which have hindered the growth of the Indian mushroom industry have been the non availability of quality, high yielding, disease free spawn and the inability of the Indian farmers to scale up their production without compromising on quality and being competitive. It is not economical for the small growers to import the mushroom machinery to cope up the production demand. More over, the Indian mushroom industry is highly dependent on human labour. This not only has an adverse effect on quality and production but also creates unreliable market thereby decreasing consumption levels. Having understood these problems, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research undertook the first step towards development of indigenous machinery for the mechanization of the Indian mushroom industry. Keeping in view the global competition and the rising unemployment at home, machinery were designed so that bulk quality production could be increased by enhancing labour efficiency and decreasing labour drudgery. A series of spawn production machinery like grain cleaner, grain boiler, boiled grain and chalk powder mixer, grain filler and spawn inoculator have been developed and integrated in the spawn production system of mushroom lab at IIHR, Bangalore, India. The cultivation machinery namely paddy straw and spawning machine, paddy straw sterilizer cum moisture remover and casing machine have also been developed for the Indian mushroom growers whose production capacity is above 75 kg per day. These machinery would decrease the contamination, cost of production and increase the production per unit time. The machinery designed are affordable, economical, simple machinery which can be used by any mushroom growers in the developing countries. This would boost mushroom production by helping the growers to set up small and medium scale farms in the rural areas. The following paper discusses the design and functioning of the indigenously designed and fabricated mushroom spawn production and cultivation machinery in India.|
|Appears in Collections:||Agricultural Engineering|
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